I Normanni

I Normanni in Gran Bretagna

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William Duke Of Normandy,
Re d'Inghilterra

Guglielmo il Conquistatore

Who became the next King of England?

When William won the Battle of Hastings, he earned himself the title 'Conqueror'. He marched to London and was crowned King in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066.

In 1067, William started building the Torre di Londra, the great fortress which demonstrated his power and dominated the city of London.


La Torre di Londra

The Normans were great builders. Norman lords lived in strong stone castles.

vedere il nostro Bayeux Tapestry pages for more information on the Norman invasion and the Battle of Hastings

Quello che è successo dopo?

The Norman victory changed the way in which England was ruled.

Sotto il Sassoni, the earls were often as important as the king, but now the king was firmly in control. He governed the whole country, and his rule was law.

William was used to running a country using the “Sistema feudale” which involved the King owning everything (land, animals and buildings) and everybody else renting it from him. In practise this meant he rented everything to his Barons in return for them providing him with an army when required. In turn the Barons leased out the land given to them (leased from the King) to local farmers and millers etc

Having conquered England, William wanted to make sure he remained in control of it.

After winning the Battle of Hastings, William set about building a string of castelli in strategic areas across the country. Two of his best known being the Tower of London (originally of wood for speed of erection) and Windsor Castle.

Originariamente il castelli th Normans built were wooden towers on earthen 'mottes' (mounds) with a bailey (defensive area) surrounded by earth ramparts, but many were later rebuilt in stone. By the end of William's reign over 80 castles had been built throughout his kingdom, as a permanent reminder of the new Norman feudal order.

Having conquered England, William wanted to know just how much it was worth.

In 1086 he ordered a detailed description to be made. In the words of the Cronaca anglosassone, ' so very thoroughly did he have the enquiry carried out that not even one ox or one cow or one pig escaped notice.' All this information was written down in the Libro di Domesday.

The Domesday Book was, in effect, the first national census.

doomsday book
Il Domesday Book

Thanks to the Domesday Book we know much about England in the eleventh century. It shows, for example, that by 1086, twenty years after the Battle of Hastings, there were hardly any rich landowners of English birth left in England. It was a land ruled by Frenchmen, especially William's favourite Normans.

William the Conquereor died a year later in 1087. Normandy went to his eldest son Robert, and England to his second son William, who became William II, but was known as William Rufus because of his red hair.

The following pages take you on a journey through the Bayeux Tapestry

Contenuti

L'invasione normanna dell'Inghilterra - introduzione

Incontra i quattro pretendenti al trono inglese (include albero genealogico)

La battaglia di Stamford Bridge

Chi era il capo dei Normanni?

Chi erano i Normanni? Case, vestiti, cibo

Dove ha combattuto William Harold per il trono inglese?
La battaglia di Hastings

Cosa è successo alla battaglia di Hastings?

Chi è morto con una freccia nell'occhio?

William diventa re - più informazioni sul Domesday Book

L'arazzo di Bayeux - introduzione

Di cosa parla l'Arazzo di Bayeux?

Domande e risposte sull'arazzo di Bayeux Prima parte

Domande e risposte sull'arazzo di Bayeux Seconda parte

Cavalli | Armatura | Shields | Caschi | Armi

Altri siti Web


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Insegno computer a La scuola di Granville e Scuola elementare di San Giovanni a Sevenoaks Kent.